Linux: SQL Server connection

Do you need tools and libraries to use MSQ SQL Server from your Linux box ?

Have you tried using UnixODBC and FreeDTS  ?

Let’s see how to do this if you choose to compile and build those libraries.

First of all you need to download from here the last version of  UnixODBC and FreeDTS sources.

After the download is complete switch to root user, extract files and open the directory created in the process.

You should see:
– directory freedts
– directory unixodbc
– file
– file

If you’re using  Slackware (i prepared the package using a Slackware64-current box) you only have to execute .

If you’re not using a Slackware box you have to execute , this script will install UnixODBC into /opt/unixodbc and FreeDTS into /opt/freedts.

During the build process pay attention to missing libraries and install them.

When everything is done and packages are installed you can begin the real database connections configuration.

Basic configurations for FreeDTS have to be put into /etc/freedts.conf (Slackware) or /opt/freedts/etc/freedts.conf (not Slackware); the file is divided in sections, one for each server, containing:
– unique connection id (between square brackets)
– server name or ip address
– tcp port
– connection version, 8.0 shoul be ok

Here an example of freedts.conf:

Configured FreeDTS it’s time to configure UnixODBC, editing file /etc/odbcinst.ini (or /opt/unixodbc/etc/odbcinst.ini  if not using Slackware) and /etc/odbc.ini (or /opt/unixodbc/etc/odbc.ini if not using Slackware).

File odbcinst.ini has to contain data related to FreeDTS; the file is divided in sections, each of them containing::
– unqiue string identifiying the driver (between square brackets)
– a simple description
– the location of the driver .so file
– logs information

Here an example of odbcinst.conf  (Slackware64)

Here an example of odbcinst.conf  (Slackware 32bit)

Here an example of odbcinst.conf  (other distros)

The last file to edit is odbc.ini , telling to the system which driver and server name use for a specific datasource:
– datasource unique name (between square brackets)
– server name (as used in freedts.conf)
– driver unique name (as used in odbcinst.ini)

Example of odbc.conf .

When everything is installed and configured you will be able to connect to your SQL Server, from command line you can use isql (or /opt/unixodbc/bin/isql if not using Slackware), specifying datasource, username and password:

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